THE ALPACA


THE ALPACA

THE ALPACA

The alpaca, with the scientific name Lama Pacos, is the most numerous of the four South American camelids.

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SURI

SURI

The Suri breed has a smaller population that around 15% of the national total, however, is the animal most striking domestic camelids by her look and beauty.

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HUACAYA

HUACAYA

It is the breed with most widespread in the country, representing 85% of all alpacas, zootechnical characteristics being as follows:

It is a well-developed animal body, head relatively small, triangular shaped ears, nostrils wide and pigmented lips highly motile mouth also pigmented, with well trained and forelock clean face, neck long and strong.

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NATURAL COLORS

NATURAL COLORS

The color of the alpaca’s fiber is varied (22 natural colors), but is more uniform than the llama, and goes from white to black, presenting tones of brown, grey and natural colores.

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HABITAT

HABITAT

The camelids Habitat consists of Puna ecological formations, and the highlands that are distributed from northern Peru to northern Argentina, including the Andean areas of Bolivia and Chile, having as general characteristics of be wetter north where it continues to the Paramo, and drier in the South.

The altitude of the highlands oscillates between 3,800 and 4,500 masl with an average temperature of 6 oC to 8oC and 400 and 700 mm.

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FEATURES OF ALPACA FIBER

FEATURES OF ALPACA FIBER

The features of Alpaca fiber, are mainly determined by:

  • Finesse
  • Length
  • Resistance
  • Soft to the touch
  • Resilience
  • Hygroscopicity
  • Fat
  • Thermal Properties

Fineness

The fineness of the alpaca fiber is between 18 and 40 microns, depending on what part of the fleece ? longer reflects the age of the animal.

Length

The fiber length varies depending on the type or variety.

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